Procedure standards for untrained lay people as well as medical people
with "bare hands" if they encounter an unconscious person with head injury.
unconscious person with head injury
1.2.: Basic life support
1.1.: AN UNCONSCIOUS PERSON WITH HEAD INJURY
If you encounter an unconscious person with head injuries you should check
whether the person:
1. is actually unconscious,
2. is breathing,
3. has a pulse,
4. has any other injuries (chest, abdomen, spine, extremities),
5. is bleeding.
Call for help (charge-free emergency services number 155). Begin giving first aid
according to your ability and circumstances, and continue to do so until the professional
emergency sevices arrive.
STANDARD 1.2.: BASIC
If the person is unconscious, not breathing and/or has no pulse, begin
STANDARD 1.3.: FIRST AID
If the person is unconscious but breathing and has a pulse:
1. according to the clinical state and circumstances, put the person into a supine
or the recovery position.
2. Establish an airway.
3. Cover any open head injury with a sterile dressing if available (e.g. first-aid
kit in the boot of your car).
4. Never tampon bleeding from external auditory tubes - just cover it with sterile
dressings if available.
5. Keep the person warm (put a mat under them or cover him or her with clothes),
check regularly for level of consciousness, breathing, and possible bleeding.
6. Do not give any food or water, though the mouth can be moistened.
7. If transporting the person, be certain to avoid any risky head movements.
8. For victims of motor vehicle accidents and falls, injury to the cervical spine
and cord should always be assumed
to be present.
Record all important data on a piece of paper if available (if you have a person
to help you, it might be easier to dictate your findings to him or her as you examine the
1. first describe the examination of the person,
2. then your procedure,
3. if known, be certain to write down the cause, nature, and time of injury.
Coordinated by Jiri POKORNY Jr., M.D.
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